Research

current research programs: 

DEMEPE : Democracy and changes of the public space in Europe, in partnership with ICEE and CEVIPOF (Sciences Po.), funded by Sorbonne Paris Cité (PRES) for the period 2013-2016.

Abstract: Returning to the fundamentals of the idea of a democratic Europe implies rethinking sometimes thoroughly a number of concepts: shared sovereignty, constituting the subject, the idea of ​​a political union that is not a State. 
The report of this Union to the United Nations, the question of democratic legitimacy, the changes in the public space, etc. Because it confronts us with a completely new political phenomenon, where the policy would be defined in terms other than those of state power, the idea of ​​a political Europe requires the mobilization of skills within the political  philosophy, political science, law, cultural history, linguistics as well.

More information

DEMOENV : The democracy in front of environmental stakes, in partnership with IRSTEA, the Centre Maurice Hauriou, and Université Technologique de Troyes (UTT) and others members funded by the French National Agency (ANR) for the period 2011-2014

Abstract: The research program “The democracy in front of environmental stakes” (DEMOENV) has the object of examining new and decisive questions facing democratic societies as a result of environmental problematics, by combining the approaches of sociology, anthropology, economics, politics, jurisprudence and philosophy. In short, it means constructing common concepts for these different disciplines as well as a synergy around questions of a philosophical order. The aim is to rethink democracy in terms of new environmental issues. The program is articulated around five issues: 1) The accumulation of vulnerability. This notion leads us to consider new forms of vulnerability brought about by environmental change, which come on top of already-existing social vulnerabilities within and without democratic regimes. The precariousness and fragility of certain populations are the source of new conflicts, new revolts and famines, new climatic migrations, and of major political and geopolitical instabilities, both now and in the future. 2) The economic evaluation of environmental goods. This evaluation involves extending the market economy to global public goods, i.e. extending market logic so that it now concerns the gifts of nature and not just human production. Public decisions made in this domain are thus confronted with the attribution of a monetary value to the environment, encompassing a normative dimension as well, potentially, as an ideological one. 3) New practices of governance. These practices will have to be analyzed in the following lights: their legitimacy (or illegitimacy), their efficacy (or inefficacity), the process of progressive privatization they often involve, and the reduction of the public domain. 4) Limits on national and international juridical protection of the environment. The new juridical rules lead certain key players to set up avoidance strategies, so as to get round the objectives of the law (directly or indirectly). Certain economic players, for instance, indulge in “environmental dumping”. The question then is to see how to make people in general obey laws for the protection of the environment. 5) Political conceptions presented as being capable of responding to environmental emergencies, and the possibility of a drift towards authoritarianism. Here we will examine the major risk faced by the democratic regime that of being called into question in the face of an “environmental emergency”. These five issues are also risks for democracy. Some of these risks are temporary, occurring at a particular moment in time, but others are more fundamental and produce crises within the democratic regime, even calling it into question. So this means applying our thinking to a reconsideration of the internal structure of democratic society and its limits, and its capacity to integrate new dimensions resulting from environmental change. The program is interdisciplinary, because environmental questions are never univocal; they always lead on to different orders of phenomena, different orders of effects. Institutionally, this multi-disciplinary approach is represented by five French teams in partnership with the project (see below) which cover all the disciplines indicated: the environment, human and social sciences, political science and law. In addition there is a German team (Technische Universität Dresden, Philosophische Fakultät, Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Lehrstuhl für Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte) directed by Professor Hans Forländer, and an Italian team directed by Professor Francesco Saviero Trincia at the “Sapienza” University of Rome.

More information

past research programs:

LEGICONTEST : Concurrence of legitimacy, the types of contestation and form of government in democratic societies in partnership with CEVIPOF (sciences Po.), The Center Maurice Hauriou and ICEE, funded by the French National Agency (ANR) for the perido 2006-2010.

Abstract: The project presented here tackles three questions which are most often dealt with in isolation, but which it is essential to articulate if we seek to understand the profound modifications affecting the relation between the state and civil society in the European region today: 1) competitions for legitimacy; 2) types of contention; 3) the transformation of the role of the democratic state. We hope to open a new area of research starting from this articulation, and the disciplinary convergence it implies. The three questions bring four disciplinary fields to bear: political philosophy, political science, political sociology and public law. These disciplines correspond to the domains of competence of the four French teams which have been mobilised for the project. Further, concerning European societies, we have given priority to three countries because of the specific differences they present regarding the competition for legitimacy: France, Germany and Italy. For this reason a German team (Technische Universität Dresden, Lehrstuhl für Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte) directed by Professor Hans Vorländer, and two Italian teams (the research group directed by Professor Francesco Saverio Trincia at the University of Rome « La Sapienza » as well as the research group directed by Professor Gianfranco Borrelli at the University of Naples « Federico II ») are also taking part in the project.

More information

Territories, environment and citizenship, in partnership with CNRS (INSHS, INEE), CEMAGREF and the Paris Descartes University for the period 2007-2012

Abstract: This pioneering program proposes to make an inventory of European integration by taking into account the major environmental challenges it faces. Hence the major and central importance of the interdisciplinary approach it adopts. European identity issues, border, entanglement of culture are indeed essential to the management of sustainable development of European societies. European identity can not think without first think diversity, nor think the sustainable management of the territory without thinking first differences, both in population distribution, but also means values. But if Europe wants political support biodiversity and environmental protection, he must understand the complexity of these values ​​and measure how they impose a reflection on the key concepts of “territory”, “Populations “and” citizenship “.

More information

“Les rencontres philosophiques Descartes-Diderot”

More information

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s